Faculty & School/Dept.
Faculty of Health - School of Health Policy & Management
Ph.D. Health Administration - 2003
Department of Health Policy, Management & Evaluation
University of Toronto
M.A. Political Economy - 1997
Institute of Political Economy
B.A. Hons. - 1994
University of Toronto
Dr. Tamara Daly is a feminist political economist and health services researcher. She is a Professor at York University, in the School of Health Policy and Management, and the graduate programmes in Health Policy and Equity; Critical Disability Studies and Gender, Feminist and Women's Studies.
She is the Director of the York University Centre for Aging Research and Education (YU-CARE),
Dr. Daly recently completed a five year CIHR Research Chair in Gender Work and Health (2013 - 2018).
Dr. Daly is the Director of the 7 year SSHRC Partnership (2018-2025) for Age-Friendly Communities within Communities studying international promising practices for seniors, taking gender, language, culture, racialization, poverty, indigeneity and sexual orientation into account. The team will conduct ethnographic and arts based research in 12 international cities over the next 7 years.
Dr. Daly leads a SSHRC national survey of LTC workers, managers and families called What’s Past is Prologue: Comparing Long-term Care Workers and Working Conditions Between Canada and Nordic Countries 10 Years Later.
As a Stream II Mapping Care Relationships co-lead for the Seniors Adding Life to Years Grant led by Dr. Janice Keefe and funded by CIHR, Dr. Daly is focused on the relationships between good quality work and care, and good quality life and death in residential long-term care settings across Canada.
As an investigator on the Decent Work Good Care Research Team funded by the Australian Research Council, focused on comparisons between long-term care and home care work in Australia, New Zealand, Scotland and Ontario, Canada.
Dr. Daly was Principal Investigator on a recently completed CIHR PHSI grant entitled: "The Cardiovascular Health Awareness Program (CHAP) for the South Asian Community in York Region: Assessing volunteer participation and the gender and ethno-specific impacts". The study was an intervention with South Asians focused on gender and volunteer roles.
She is also a PI on a Team Grant "Canadian Chronic Disease Awareness and Management Program", heading up the GTA arm of the study. Her focus is chronic disease and the Social determinants of health across GTA South Asian communities.
She is currently a co-investigator and co-theme leader on a SSHRC funded Major Collaborative Research Initiative Re-imagining Long-term Care Residential Care; International Study of Promising Practices headed by Dr. Pat Armstrong, which includes an international team of experts studying promising practices in long-term residential care for older adults across 6 different countries. The team has focused on LTC in Canada (Ontario, BC, Nova Scotia, Manitoba), United States (Texas), Norway, Sweden, Germany and the U.K.
Overall, her scholarship highlights promising public policy solutions for seniors using an equity framework. Her research highlights gender and health access and outcomes; working, living and visiting conditions in long term residential care; and promising practices, principles and policies to improve access and health equity for older adults and for those who provide their care.
She has authored a significant number of academic and plain language publications, is the recipient of teaching and research leadership awards, and actively supervises graduate students in research and publication. As an expert in long-term care, Dr. Daly is frequently invited to speak at research and policy conferences.
Dr. Daly has worked for many years in the area of long-term care, and has contributed to public reports produced for policy-makers, the general public as wel as front-line health care workers:
- Promising Practices in Long-term Care presents comparative LTC data on Canada, U.K. Norway, Sweden, Germany and the U.S. and highlights a series of promising practices through real stories we encountered during the course of our research.
- Physical Environments for Long-term Care presents vignettes of how physical environment is handled across our studied jurisdictions.
- Exercising Choice in Long-term Residential Care rin a series of short essays, reveals how resident and worker autonomy and control are handled differently across multiple jurisdictions.
- Negotiating Tensions in Long-term Residential Care explores tensions that are challenging to resolve and that require on-going conversations.
- Contradictions: Health Equity and Women’s Health Services in Toronto investigates changes to the organization and delivery of women’s health services in Toronto.
- “There are not enough hands”: Conditions in Ontario’s Long-term care Facilities reports on a survey of long-term care workers in Ontario.
- “Out of control”: Violence against personal support workers in long term care reports findings from a comparative Canadian and Nordic survey.
A book is also available: “They Deserve Better: The Long-term Care Experience in Canada and the Nordic Countries”.
As Principal Investigator, she has completed a CIHR funded research project entitled Invisible Women with Pat Armstrong and Karen Messing as Co-investigators. This study explores the provision of informal care by paid companions, volunteers, family and students in long-term care facilities.
Pat Armstrong; Albert Banerjee; Marta Szebehely; Hugh Armstrong; Tamara Daly; Stirling Lafrance, (2009) They Deserve Better. The Long-term Care Experience in Canada and Scandinavia, Canada Centre for Policy Alternatives, 1- 157.
Chapters in Books
Pat Armstrong and Tamara Daly, (2018) “Complexities, Tensions, and Promising Practices: Work in Long-term Residential Care”, Care Work ed. by Doria Pilling and Karen Christensen, Ashgate Books, pp. 289-301.
Tamara Daly and Ruth Lowndes, (2018) Feminist Political Economy and Flexible Interviewing”, in Creative Teamwork, ed. by Pat Armstrong and Ruth Lowndes, Oxford University Press, pp. 63-80.
Tamara Daly (2013) “Imagining an ethos of care in policies, practices and philosophy”, Troubling Care, Canadian Scholars Press.
Marcia Rioux and Tamara Daly (REVISED - 2010), “Constructing Disability and Illness” in Staying Alive: Critical Perspectives on Health, Illness, and Health Care. Ed. by Toba Bryant, Dennis Raphael, and Marcia Rioux, Canadian Scholars Press, 305 – 324.
Tamara Daly and Gordon Grant, (2008) “Crossing Borders: Lifecourse, Rural Ageing and Disability”, in A good place to grow old? Critical perspectives on rural ageing, edited by: Norah Keating, Policy Press, U.K., 11 – 20.
Marcia Rioux and Tamara Daly (2006), “Constructing Disability and Illness” in Staying Alive: Critical Perspectives on Health, Illness, and Health Care. Editors Dennis Raphael, Toba Bryant and Marcia Rioux, Canadian Scholars Press, 305 – 324.
Tamara Daly (2003), “Responding to State Retrenchment: An Historical Perspective on Non-profit Home Health and Social Care in Ontario”, ed. by Paul Leduc Browne, in, The Commodity of Care: Home Care Reform in Ontario, Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, 65 – 120.
Articles in Refereed Journals
Donna Baines, Sara Charlesworth, Tamara Daly and Sue Williamson, (2017) The Work of Care: Tensions, Contradictions and Promising Practices, Editorial, Labour and Industry, a Journal of the Social and Economic Relations of Work, pp. Vol 27 257-260.
Ruth Lowndes, Tamara Daly, and Pat Armstrong (2018) ‘Leisurely Dining’: Exploring how work organization and informal care shape residents’ dining experiences in long-term care. Qualitative Health Research, 28(1): 126-144.
Polly Ford-Jones and Tamara Daly, (2017) Volunteers’ experiences delivering a community-university chronic disease health awareness program for South Asian older adults. The Journal of Community Health, December: 42:6, pp.1148-1155. doi:10.1007/s10900-017-0364-1
Julia Brassolotto, Tamara Daly, Pat Armstrong, and Vishaya Naidoo, (2017) Moral Distress Amongst Privately Hired Companions in Ontario's Long-Term Care Facilities, Quality and Ageing and Older Adults. 18(1) 58-68.
Rachel Barken, Tamara Daly, and Pat Armstrong. (Spring 2016) Family Matters: The Work and Skills of Family/Friend Carers in Long-Term Residential Care. Journal of Canadian Studies, Re-imagining the House of Old: Promising Practices in Canadian Long-Term Residential Care, Vol 50, No. 2, pp. 321-347.
Hugh Armstrong, Tamara Daly and Jacqueline Choiniere, (Spring 2016) Policies and Practices: The Case of RAI-MDS in Canadian Long-Term Care Homes, Journal of Canadian Studies, Re-imagining the House of Old: Promising Practices in Canadian Long-Term Residential Care. Vol 50, No. 2, pp. 348-367.
Martin Chadoin, Karen Messing, Tamara Daly, Pat Armstrong, Nicole Vézina, Henriette Bilodeau, (2016) « Si ce n’est pas documenté, ça n’a pas été fait »: quand les indicateurs de gestion rendent invisible et bénévole le travail des femmes, PISTES, spécial issue on ergonomics and gender, 18 (2), 1-26.
Tamara Daly, Jim Struthers, Beatrice Müller, Deane Taylor, Monika Goldmann, Malcolm Doupe and Fröde Fadness Jacobsen, (2016). “Prescriptive or interpretive regulation at the frontlines of care work in the “three worlds” of Canada, Germany and Norway, Labour / Le Travail, forthcoming Spring, 77: pp 1-35.
Tamara Daly and Pat Armstrong (2016) “Liminal and invisible long-term care: precarity in the face of austerity” Journal of Industrial Relations, special issue on Care Work, DOI: 10.1177/0022185616643496.
Julia Brassolotto and Tamara Daly, (2016) Scarcity discourses and their impacts on renal care policies, practices, and everyday experiences in rural British Columbia, Social Science and Medicine. Volume 152, March 2016, Pages 138–146.
Tamara Daly (2015) “Dancing the Two-Step: Deterrence-oriented Regulation = Ownership Consolidation in Ontario’s Long-term Care Sector,” Studies in Political Economy, 95, 29 - 58.
Donna Baines and Tamara Daly (2015) “Resisting Regulatory Rigidities: Lessons from Front-Line Care Work”, Studies in Political Economy, 95, 137-160.
Tamara Daly, Pat Armstrong, and Ruth Lowndes (2015) “Liminality in Ontario’s Long-Term Care Homes: Paid Companions’ Care Work in the Space ‘Betwixt and Between’,” Competition & Change 19(3), 246-263. PMCID: PMC4516401.
Albert Banerjee, Pat Armstrong, Tamara Daly, Hugh Armstrong, Marta Szebehely, and Susan Braedley (2015) “ “Careworkers Don't Have a Voice:” Epistemological Violence in Residential Care for Older People,” Journal of Aging Studies 33, 28-36.
Ruth Lowndes, Pat Armstrong, and Tamara Daly (2015) “The Meaning of ‘Dining’: The Social Organization of Food in Long-Term Care,” Food Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 4 (1), 19-34. PMCID: In Process.
Tamara Daly (2012), “The Politics of Women’s Health Equity; Through the Looking Glass”,
Pat Armstrong, Hugh Armstrong, Tamara Daly, Susan Braedley, (forthcoming 2012) The Thin Blue Line Difficult Dialogues, Necessary Encounters.
Albert Banerjee, Tamara Daly, Pat Armstrong, Marta Szebehely, Hugh Armstrong, Stirling LaFrance. (2012). Structural violence in long-term residential care for older people: Comparing Canada and Scandinavia. Social Science & Medicine, 74(3), 390-398.
Tamara Daly and Marta Szebehely, (2012), “Unheard voices, unmapped terrain: comparing care work in long-term residential care for older people in Canada and Sweden”, International Journal of Social Welfare, 21: 139-148 DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2397.2011.00806.x.
Tamara Daly; Albert Banerjee; Pat Armstrong; Hugh Armstrong (2011), “Lifting the Violence Veil Using Iterative Mixed Methods in Long-Term Care Research”, Canadian Journal of Aging, 30(2), 271-284.
Pat Armstrong, Hugh Armstrong, Albert Banerjee, Tamara Daly, Marta Szebehely, (2011) “Structural Violence in Long-Term Residential Care” Women’s Health and Urban Life: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal, X(1), 111-129.
Shannon Gravely-Witte; Tamim, H.; Judy Smith; Tamara Daly; and Sherry L. Grace, (2011), “Factors Related to Care-seeking Delay Behaviours for Heart Failure: A Narrative Review” Journal of Cardiac Failure, 17(9): 779-87.
Tamara Daly (2007), “Out of Place: Mediating Health and Social Care at Ontario’s State – Voluntary Sector Divide”, Canadian Journal on Aging, (Suppl.1), 63-75.
Tamara Daly, (2003) “Review: The Best-Laid Plans. Health Care’s Problems and Prospects”. McGill-Queen’s University Press: Montreal, by Lawrie McFarlane and Carlos Prado, Canadian Journal of Political Science.
Tamara Daly and Ruth Lowndes (Nov 2015) “Promising Practice: Thought for Food” in Promising Practices: Re-Imagining Long-Term Care, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, pp 69-71.
Tamara Daly and Martha MacDonald (Nov 2015). “Promising Practice: Realizing Personal Care Through Dining” in Promising Practices: Re-Imagining Long-Term Care, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, pp 44-46.
Marcia Rioux; Ezra Zubrow; Christy Speilman; Miha Dinca-Panaitescu; Gail Kunkel; and Tamara Daly (2007), “Who’s In and Who’s Out? Literacy, Disability and Canadian Labour Force Participation" Abilities, Spring 2007, pp. 51-2.
Julie Maggi; and Tamara Daly (2006), “Gender matters: understanding the emotional and social support needs of women with HIV/AIDS” Centres of Excellence for Women’s Health Research Bulletin, 5, (2), pp. 16-17.
Christy Spielman; Ezra Zubrow; Marcia Rioux, Tamara Daly; Miha Dinca-Panaitescu; and Gail Kunkel (2006), “The Data Trail: Steps to Discovery in Research”; Abilities, Issue 69, Winter 2006, pp. 50 -51.
Gail Kunkel; Tamara Daly; Christy Spielman; Miha Dinca-Panaitescu; Marcia Rioux; and Ezra Zubrow (2006), “Charting a New Course: Emancipatory Research Maps the Links between Literacy and Disability” Abilities, Summer 2006, pp. 54-55.
Other Research Outputs
Tamara Daly, Pat Armstrong, and Julia Brassolotto (February 10-12, 2016). “Links and Kinks in the Long-term Care Work Chain,” AIRAANZ Conference, Sydney, Australia.
Tamara Daly (November 19, 2015) “Care gaps, overlaps and traps: Private and public in Long-term Care,” Normacare Conference, Stockholm, Sweden.
Tamara Daly (September 17th-18th, 2015). The formal workforce - challenges, Panel: Later Stages of dementia: Changing needs and resources, Canadian Academy of Health Sciences 2015 Forum and Annual General Meeting “The Rising Tide of Dementia in Canada: Facing the critical challenge by 2025”, Ottawa Fairmont Chateau Laurier, Ottawa.
Tamara Daly and Pat Armstrong (April 13-15, 2015) “Are We Past Precarity? Liminality and Invisible Labour in Residential Long-term Care,” International Labour Process Conference, Athens, Greece.
Tamara Daly, Pat Armstrong, and Ruth Lowndes (February 3 2015) “Lean Cuisine: Kitchens, Contracting and Care Work,” Association of Industrial Relations Academics of Australia and New Zealand, Auckland, New Zealand.
Tamara Daly (December 2014) “Cookbook Care: Kitchens, Contracting and Care Work,” NORDCARE Conference, Copenhagen Denmark.
Ruth Lowndes, Tamara Daly, Pat Armstrong (October 19-23, 2014) “‘Leisurely Dining’: Exploring How Work Organization and Informal Care Shape Residents’ Dining Experiences in Long-Term Care,” Qualitative Health Research Conference, Victoria, British Columbia.
Tamara Daly (October 19-23 2014) “From the Care Gap to the Invisible Labour Trap: Rapid Ethnography as a ‘Way in’ to Long-Term Care,” Qualitative Health Research Conference, Victoria, British Columbia.
Tamara Daly, Ruth Lowndes, Pat Armstrong, Karen Messing, Vishaya Naidoo, Iffath Syed, Martin Chadoin (October 16-18 2014) “‘Mapping’ Meal Times: Invisible Care Work and Irregular Care Needs in Long-term Care,” Canadian Association of Gerontology: Landscapes of Aging: Critical Issues, Emerging Possibilities, Niagara Falls, Canada.
Tamara Daly, Malcolm Doupe, Monika Goldman, Frode Fadnes Jacobsen, Beatrice Müller, Jim Struthers, Deanne Taylor (October 3-4, 2014) “Why do Prescriptive or Interpretive Approaches to Long-Term Care Staffing Regulations Matter? An Exploration of Restrictive, Resistive, and Responsive Work Organization Models,” Dissent + Resistance in the Workplace in the Context of Neoliberalism, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.
Martin Chadoin, Karen Messing, Tamara Daly, Pat Armstrong, Vishaya Naidoo, Charlotte Rowell, Iffath Syed and Ruth Lowndes (October 7-9, 2014) “When Management Indicators Make Work Harder and Less Satisfying: The Case of Personal Support Workers in Ontario,” Quand les indicateurs de gestion dégradent le travail: Le cas de préposés aux bénéficiaires en Ontario, 45th Annual Conference of the Association of Canadian Ergonomists, Montreal, Canada.
Iffath Syed, Tamara Daly, Ruth Lowndes, Pat Armstrong, Martin Chadoin, Vishaya Naidoo, and Charlotte Rowell (May 28, 2014) “How Do Care Work Hierarchies & Task Orientation Impact Care Workers’ Experiences of Occupational Health and Safety? Case Studies of LTC in Toronto,” Canadian Public Health Association, Toronto, Canada.
Tamara Daly (May 1415, 2014) “How Do We See Invisible Labour in Long-term Care?” “Re-Directing the Gaze: An International Quest for Promising Practices in Long-Term Residential Care” International Care Research Conference, Re-Imagining Long-Term Residential Care: International Study of Promising Practices, Bergen, Norway.
Tamara Daly, Pat Armstrong and Ruth Lowndes, (Feb 5-7 2014) “Liminality in Ontario’s long-term care homes: Private companions in the space “betwixt and between” formal/informal regulation and care work”, Melbourne, Australia, The Association of Industrial Relations Academics in Australia and New Zealand (AIRAANZ) Conference.
Donna Baines and Tamara Daly (Feb 5 – 7, 2014) “The state of non-profit care work: convergence under austerity” Melbourne, Australia, The Association of Industrial Relations Academics in Australia and New Zealand (AIRAANZ) Conference.
Ruth Lowndes, Pat Armstrong and Tamara Daly, (October 15-16, 2013), The Meaning of “Dining”: The Social Organization of Food in Long-term Care, Austin, Texas.
Tamara Daly, Ruth Lowndes, Pat Armstrong, Charlotte Rowell, Martin Chadoin, Vishaya Naidoo, Iffath Syed and Karen Messing (October 27-29) "Mapping" invisible care: how are nursing homes’ dining spaces sites of informal care? Qualitative Health Research, Halifax, Nova Scotia
Tamara Daly and Donna Baines (Sept 2013) “Time Keeps on slippin’...into the future: women, time and the bottom line in Residential Long-term Care in Canada”, British Sociological Association, Work, Employment Society Conference 2013.
Tamara Daly, “Who cares? Legislating Lean long-term care” (May 28th 2013) Re-imagining Long-term Residential Care: Do Regulations Make it Harder to Care? Toronto, Ontario
Donna Baines and Tamara Daly (May 2013) Resisting Regulatory Rigidities: Lessons from Front-line Care Work, Re-imagining Long-term Residential Care: Do Regulations Make it Harder to Care? Toronto, Ontario.
Tamara Daly (March 2013) “Code Work: RAI-MDS, Measurement and Work Organization in Long Term Residential Care in Ontario” International Labour Process Conference, Rutgers University, New Jersey.
Tamara Daly (March 2013) “aCOUNTability: legislating lean long-term care” International Labour Process Conference, Rutgers University, New Jersey.
Tamara Daly (June 2012), “Imagining an Ethos of Care”, Canadian Sociological Association, Waterloo, Ontario.
Albert Banerjee, Pat Armstrong, Tamara Daly, Hugh Armstrong, Marta Szebehely, Susan Braedley, (2011). “No! Personal Support Workers Have No Voice:” Epistemological Violence in Residential Care for Older People, The Australian Sociological Association, Annual Meeting (Newcastle, NSW), Nov 29-Dec 2, 2011.
Albert Banerjee, Tamara Daly, Hugh Armstrong, Pat Armstrong, Marta Szebehely, “The politics of violence in residential care for older people: gender, structure and suffering, (Sept 7 – 10, 2011), 10th Conference of the European Sociological Association, Uni-Mail, Geneva Switzerland.
Tamara Daly, Julie Maggi and Elizabeth Harrison, (June 2011), “Exploring HIV as a “health determinant of the social”: women’s experiences living with HIV in Toronto, Canada”, 1st International HIV Social Science and Humanities Conference, Durban, South Africa.
Tamara Daly & Marta Szebehely, (June 2010), “Unheard voices, unmapped terrain: care work and long-term residential care for older people in Canada and Sweden” Revised paper presented to Transforming care: Provision, quality and inequalities in late life. International conference at the Danish National Centre for Social Research (SFI), Copenhagen, 21-23 June 2010.
Tamara Daly and Miha Dinca-Panaitescu. (May 30th, 2010), “The Place of Care: Long-term Care Facilities Across Canada”, Canadian Sociological and Anthropological Association, Concordia University, Montreal.
Tamara Daly (April 29 – 30th, 2010), "Women’s Health Equity; Through the Looking Glass”, Sharing Research on Gender, Social Policy and Collective Action", Glendon College, York University, Toronto Ontario.
Jackie Choiniere, Judith MacDonnell, Tamara Daly, and Hope Shamonda. (October 2009), “Nurses’ mental health risks: a report of on-going research”, We Can Do IT: Evidence and Interventions for Transforming Mental Health in the Workplace, 4th Annual Canadian Congress for Research on Mental Health and Addiction in the Workplace, Toronto, Canada (October 28 – 30, 2009).
Szebehely, Marta and Daly, Tamara. (Aug 20 -22, 2009) Unheard voices, unmapped terrain: comparative welfare research and paid care for older people in Sweden and Canada, RC19 Conference, Social Policies: Local Experiments, Travelling Ideas, International Sociological Association. Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Daly, Tamara (May 27 – 28, 2009) Invisible Caring, Women and Long-term Care Work Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Conference, May 26-29, 2009, Carleton University, Ontario Canada.
Daly, Tamara; Banerjee, Albert; Armstrong, Hugh; Armstrong, Pat; and S. Lafrance, (May 22-24, 2009). Making Structural Violence Visible: Qualitative Inquiry in Long-Term Care Research Fifth International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry (QI2009) University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois.
Armstrong, Pat, Banerjee, Albert, Armstrong, Hugh. Daly, Tamara. Szebehely, Marta (October 2008) “Violence, Gender, and Workload in Health Services,” Fifth International Congress on Women, Work and Health, Cuidad de Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Mexico October 27-31, 2008.
Daly, Tamara; Armstrong, Pat; Armstrong, Hugh; Braedley, Susan; Oliver, Vanessa; Merali-Merchant, Sabiha; and Green, Monnah. (June 2007) Caring for women: a case study of two hospital-based approaches, Gender, Work and Organization Conference, Keele, U.K.
Daly, Tamara, Armstrong, Pat, and Armstrong, Hugh. (June 2007) Workplace/Home Space: Conditions in Canada's Long Term Care Homes, Gender, Work and Organization Conference, Keele, U.K.
Chivers, Sally; Daly, Tamara; and Roy, Carole; (May 2007) Locating Caregiving at the Intersection of Gender and Time Hidden Costs / Invisible Contributions Conference, Edmonton, Alberta.
Dean's Research Award (Established Career), Faculty of Health - 2014
Dean's Teaching Award (Early Career), Faculty of Health - 2012
Dean’s Health Research Catalyst Award, Faculty of Health - 2010
19th Annual Labelle Lectureship - 2010
CIHR/CHSRF Postdoctoral Award Fellowship - 2003
CIHR/ NHRDP Doctoral Award - 2000
Currently available to supervise graduate students: No
Currently taking on work-study students, Graduate Assistants or Volunteers: Yes
Available to supervise undergraduate thesis projects: No