Robert Walter Heinrichs


Registered Psychologist

Locations / Contact Info:

263 BSB
Keele Campus
Phone: 416 736 2100 Ext. 66205

Email address(es):

Faculty & School/Dept.

Faculty of Health - Department of Psychology


B.A. Hons. - 1979
York University

M.A. - 1980
University of Toronto

Ph.D. - 1984
University of Toronto


Professor Heinrichs developed an interest in schizophrenia and severe mental illness while a student at the Ontario College of Art, where he studied psychiatry and art with Dr. John MacGregor. Following an undergraduate education in psychology at York, he studied neuropsychology and aesthetics at the University of Toronto where he obtained his graduate degrees. In addition, he completed practica and internships in clinical psychology and clinical neuropsychology at Centenary Hospital Mental Health Service, the Neurology Clinic, Worker's Compensation Board Hospital and the Department of Psychological Services, St. Michael's Hospital. After four years of full-time hospital practice in clinical neuropsychology he received his appointment at York University in 1988. He continues an active research program in neuropsychological aspects of schizophrenia and teaches and supervises students in his field of expertise.

Selected Publications

Heinrichs, R. W., Pinnock, F., Parlar, M., Hanford, L., Hall, G., & Hawco, C. (2017). Cortical thinning in network-associated regions in cognitively normal and below-normal range schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research and Treatment, 2017, 1-7.

Heinrichs, R. W., Parlar, M. & Pinnock, F. (2017). Normal range declarative verbal memory in schizophrenia. Neuropsychology, in press.

Muharib, E., Heinrichs, R. W., Miles, A., A., Pinnock, F., McDermid Vaz, S., & Ammari, N.  (2014). Community outcome in cognitively normal schizophrenia patients. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 20, 805-811.

Miles, A. A., Heinrichs, R. W., Ammari, N., Hartman L., McDermid Vaz, S. & Muharib, E.   (2014). Stability and change in symptoms, cognition, and community outcome in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 152, 435-439.

Ammari, N., Heinrichs, R. W., McDermid Vaz, S., Miles, A. A., Muharib, E., & Pinnock, F.  (2014).  Preserved, deteriorated and premorbidly impaired patterns of intellectual ability in schizophrenia. Neuropsychology, 28, 353-358.

Michel, N., Goldberg, J. O., Heinrichs, R. W., Miles, A., Ammari, N. & McDermid Vaz, S.   (2013).  WAIS-IV profile of cognition in schizophrenia. Assessment, 20, 462-473.

McDermid Vaz, S., Heinrichs, R. W., Miles, A. A., Ammari, N., Archie, S., Muahrib, E. & Goldberg, J. (2013). The Canadian Objective Assessment of Life Skills (COALS): A new measure of functional competence in schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research, 206, 302-306.

 Heinrichs, R. W., Ammari, N.,  Hartman, L., Muharib, E. & Pinnock, F. (2014). Schizophrenia.  In David Dozois (Ed.), Abnormal psychology: perspectives (DSM 5 update edition).  Toronto: Pearson.

 Heinrichs, R. W., Miles, A. A., Ammari, N. & Muharib, E. (2013). Cognition in schizophrenia as a central illness feature. In Phillip D. Harvey (Ed.), Cognitive impairment in Schizophrenia: characteristics, assessment, and treatment. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Heinrichs, R. W. , Miles, A. A. Ammari, N. & Muharib, E. (2012). Schizophrenia. In David   Dozois (Ed.), Abnormal psychology: perspectives (5th edition). Toronto: Pearson.

Chan, R., Xu, T., Heinrichs, R. W., Yu, Y., Gong, Q. (2010). Neurological soft signs in non-psychotic first-degree relatives of patients with schizophrenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 34, 889-896.

Chan, R., Xu, T., Heinrichs, R. W., Yu, Y., Wang, Y. (2010). Neurological soft signs in schizophrenia: a meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 36, 1089-1104.

Heinrichs, R. W., Ammari, N., Miles, A., & McDermid Vaz, S. (2010). Cognitive performance and functional competence as predictors of community independence in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 36, 381-387.

Heinrichs, R. W., Ammari, N., Miles, A., McDermid Vaz, S., & Chopov, B. (2009). Psychopathology and cognition in divergent functional outcomes in schizophrenia.  Schizophrenia Research, 109, 46-51.

Heinrichs, R. W., Miles, A. A., Smith, D., Zargarian, T., Goldberg, J. O. , Ammari, N. & McDermid Vaz, S. (2008). Cognitive, clinical and functional characteristics of verbally superior schizophrenia patients. Neuropsychology, 22, 321-328.

Heinrichs, R. W., Ammari, N., McDermid Vaz, S. & Miles, A. (2008). Are schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder neuropsychologically distinguishable? Schizophrenia Research, 99, 149-154.

Heinrichs, R. W., Goldberg, J. O., Miles, A. A., & McDermid Vaz, S. (2008). Predictors of medication competence in schizophrenia patients. Psychiatry Research, 157, 47-52.

Heinrichs, R. W. (2007). Cognitive improvement in response to antipsychotic drugs: Neurocognitive effects of antipsychotic medication in patients with chronic schizophrenia in the CATIE trial. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64, 631-632.



Currently available to supervise graduate students: No

Currently taking on work-study students, Graduate Assistants or Volunteers: No

Available to supervise undergraduate thesis projects: No

Current Research

His research examines schizophrenia as a problem in neuropsychology and neuroscience from empirical, theoretical and historical perspectives

Research Projects

Cognitive exceptionality and impairment in schizophrenia
This project will use cognitive, clinical and MRI brain connectivity imaging to study psychosis in patients with preserved as well as those with impaired cognitive performance. Healthy participants with average and above-average cognitive ability will also be studied. We hope to establish the dissociation of psychosis and cognitive performance and to identify shared and non-shared neural abnormalities associated with these two aspects of schizophrenia.
Role: Principal Investigator
Amount funded: $317576
Year Funded: 2010
Duration: 4
Funded by: Canadian Institutes of Health Research

The Canadian Objective Assessment of Life Skills: A new instrument to assess functional competence in schizophrenia
The purpose of our research is to develop a new instrument for the assessment of functional competence and life skills in people with schizophrenia. Our objective is to evaluate the reliability, validity and usefulness of a preliminary version of this instrument, the Canadian Objective Assessment of Life Skills (COALS). The COALS is a performance-based measure of competence that addresses key limitations of existing measures, while building in features of our own analysis of functionality and designed for schizophrenia clients in an urban setting.
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $150000
Year Funded: 2008
Duration: 6
Funded by: Other...
Other funding: Ontario Mental Health Foundation