Michaela Hynie


Resident Faculty, Centre for Refugee Studies (CRS)

Locations / Contact Info:

Kaneff Tower 849
Keele Campus
Phone: 416 736 2100 Ext. 22996

Email address(es):


Faculty & School/Dept.

Faculty of Health - Department of Psychology


Ph.D. - 1996
McGill University
Montreal, Canada

Selected Publications


   Hynie, M. (in press). Social determinants of refugee health. In N. Arya & T. Piggot (Eds.) (pp 202-223). Under-served:Health determinants of indigenous, inner-city and migrant populations in Canada.  Toronto, CanadaCanadian Scholars. 

   Hynie, M. (2018). Canada’s Syrian refugee program, intergroup relationships and identities. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 50(2), 1-14.

   Hynie, M. (2018). Refugee integration: Research and policy. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 24(3):.265-276.

   Hynie, M. (2018). The social determinants of refugee mental health in the post-migration context: A critical review. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 63(5).297-303. doi/10.1177/0706743717746666

 Korntheuer , A., Hynie, M., Korn, A., Shimwe, B., & Homa, L. (2018). Education pathways: policy implications for refugee youth in Germany and Canada. In S. Pashang, N. Khanlou, & J., Clarke (Eds.). Youth and mental health—Hope, power, and resilience.  (pp. 287-304). Advances in Mental Health and Addiction. New York: Springer.

   Hamidi, F., Owuor, P.M., Hynie, M., Baljko, M., & McGrath, S. (2017). Potentials of digital assistive technology and special education in Kenya. In C. Ayo, & V. Mbarika (Eds.), Handbook of Research on sustainable ICT adoption and integration for socio-economic development (pp. 151-169). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. 

   Hynie, M., Qasim, K., & Das, M. (2017). Access to health care in Canada. In A. Korntheueur & P. Pritchard (Eds.). Structural context of refugee integration in Canada and Germany. GESIS Series, 15 (pp. 81-86). Cologne, Germany: GESIS—Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences.

     Islam, F., Amanprett, M., Hynie, M., Shakya, Y., & McKenzie, K. (2017). Mental health of South Asian youth in Peel Region: Determinants, coping strategies, and service access. BMJ Open, 7(11):e018265.

     Jones, J.M. & Hynie, M. (2017). Similarly Torn, Differentially Shorn? The experience and management of conflict between multiple identities: Do the types of identities matter? Frontiers in Psychology—Social and Personality Psychology. 8:1732, 1-16

     Oda, A., Tuck, A., Agic, B., Hynie, M., Roche, B., & McKenzie, K. (2017). Health needs and services use of newly arrived Syrian refugees in Toronto: A cross-sectional study. CMAJ Open, 5, E354-358.

   Ali, H., Dumbuya, B., Hynie, M., Idahosa, P., Keil, R.,& Perkins, P. (2016). The social and political dimensions of the Ebola response:  Global inequality, climate change, and infectious disease. In W. Leal Filho, U.M. Azeiteiro, & F. Alves, Eds. Climate change and health: Improving resilience and reducing risks (pp. 151-169). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.

     Hynie, M., Ardern, C. I., & Robertson, A. (2016). Emergency room visits by uninsured child and adult residents in Ontario, Canada: What diagnoses, severity and visit disposition reveal about the impact of being uninsured. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 9 pp. DOI: 10.1007/s10903-016-0351-0

   Hynie, M. & Changoor, T. (2016). Employment pathways for refugees, Part 1: Barriers on the pathway to a good job and the importance of getting there. Canadian Diversity, Special Issue: Refugee Pathways13(2), 31-35.     

   Hynie, M., Korn, A., & Tao, D. (2016). Social context and social integration for Government Assisted Refugees in Ontario, Canada (pp. 183-227). In M. Poteet & S. Nourpanah (Eds.), After the flight: The dynamics of refugee settlement and integration. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars.

   Hynie, M., MacNevin, W., Prescod, C., Reider, B., & Schwartzentuber, L. (2016). The morning after: Stakeholder reflections on the sustainability of a community-campus engagement center in the changing environment. Metropolitan Universities Journal, 27(3), 27-46.

   King, R., Hynie, M., Mukashema, I., Habineza, J.P., Kubwimana, G., & Musindarwego, A. (2016). Integrating, complementary or just different? Western and Rwandan approaches to clinical counseling. Critical and Radical Social Work, 4(2), 231-248.         

   Ng, A. & Hynie, M. (2016). Naïve dialecticism and indecisiveness: Mediating mechanism and downstream consequences. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology (47) 263-276 DOI: 10.1177/0022022115613861

      Yusa, A., Hynie, M., & Mitchell, S. (2016). Utilization of internal evaluation results by community mental health organizations: Credibility in different forms. Evaluation and Program Planning, 54, 11-18

       Guruge, S., Shakya, Y., & Hynie, M. (2015) Refugee youth and migration: Using arts-informed research to understand changes in roles and responsibilities. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 16(3), 36 pp.

       Singh, M., Hynie, M., Rivera, T., Macisaac, L., Gladman, A., & Cheng, A. (2015). An evaluation study of the implementation of stroke best practice guidelines using a Knowledge Transfer Team approach. Canadian Journal of Neuroscience Nursing, 37(1), 24-33

       Bohr, Y. & Hynie, M. (with L. Armour). (2015). Focusing on resilience in Canadian immigrant mother’s mental 
health. In Khanlou N. & Pilkington B. (Editors). Women’s mental health: Resistance and resilience in community and society (pp 233-245). Advances in Mental Health and Addiction (Series Editor: Masood Zangeneh). New York: Springer.

       Hynie, M., Umubyeyi, B., Gasanganwa, M.C., Bohr, Y., McGrath, S. & Umuziga, P.  (with B. Mukarusanga) (2015). Community resilience and community interventions for post-natal depression: Reflecting on maternal mental health in Rwanda.  In Khanlou N. & Pilkington B. (Editors). Women’s mental health: Resistance and resilience in community and society. (pp 343-356). Advances in Mental Health and Addiction (Series Editor: Masood Zangeneh). New York: Springer.

       Hynie, M., McGrath, S., Young, J. E., E., & Banerjee, P. (2014). Negotiations of engaged scholarship and equity through a global network of refugee scholars. Scholarly and Research Communication Journal, 5(3), 18 pages. Article ID 0301164.

        Korn, A., Coric, K., & Hynie, M. (2014). Working with vulnerable populations: best practices, innovation and impact. Canadian Diversity. 11(1, Spring), 106-109.

         McGrath, S., King, R. & Hynie, M. (2014). Social services and transnationality. Transnational Social Review – Special Issue: Social Services and Transnationality  (4(2-3), 117-119.

       Ng, A. & Hynie, M. (2014). Cultural differences in indecisiveness: The role of naïve dialecticism. Individual and Personality Differences, 70, 45-50.

       Salahi, R., Hynie, M., & Flicker, S. (2014) Factors associated with access to sexual health services among immigrant teens in Toronto. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, (16)4, 638-645.

         Shakya, Y. B., Guruge, S., Hynie, M., Htoo, S., Akbari, A., Jandu, B., Spasevksi, M., Berhane, N., & Forster, J. (2014). Newcomer refugee youth as ‘resettlement champions’ for their families: Vulnerability, resilience and empowerment. In L. Simich & L. Andermann (Eds.), Refuge and resilience: Promoting resilience and mental health among resettled refugees and forced migrants (pp. 131 -154). New York, USA: Springer.

     Uskul, A. & Hynie, M. (2013). The role of self-aspects in emotions elicited by threats to physical health. Psychology & Health. DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2013.843683

     Hynie, M., Shakya, Y., & Guruge, S. (2012). Intergenerational relationships through the eyes of Afghan, Karen and Sudanese refugee youth in Canada: Role reversal or resettlement champions? Journal of Canadian Ethnic Studies, 44 (3), 11-28.

     Ng, A., Hynie, M., & MacDonald, T. (2012). Culture moderates the exhibition and pliability of ambivalent attitudes. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 43, 1313-1324. doi: 10.1177/0022022111429718

     Jibeen, T. & Hynie, M. (2012). Perceptions of autonomy and life satisfaction in Pakistani married immigrant women in Toronto, Canada. Sex Roles, 67(1), 1-16. doi: 10.1007/s11199-012-0130-x

     Casale, M., Rogan, M., Hynie, M., Flicker,S., Nixon, S., & Rubincam, C. (2011). ‘Gendered’ perceptions of HIV risk in a high HIV-prevalence setting and implications for prevention programming. African Journal of AIDS Research, 10 (S1), 301-310. doi: 10.2989/16085906.2011.637728

     Crooks, V.A., Hynie, M., Killian, K., Giesbrecht M., & Castleden H. (2011) Female newcomers’ adjustment to life in Toronto, Canada: Sources of mental stress and their implications for delivering primary mental health care.  GeoJournal, 76(2), 139-149. doi 10.1007/s10708-009-9287-4

     Hynie, M., Crooks, V. A., & Barragan, J. (2011). Rebuilding informal social support networks: Strategies and challenges for Canadian newcomer women. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 43(4), 26-46. Publication date: 2011-12-01

     Hynie, M., Johnny, M., Jensen, K., Phipps, D., & Wedlock, J. (2011). Student learning from community engagement graduate internships. Education and Training, 53(1), 45-56. doi 10.1108/00400911111102351

     Lai, Y. & Hynie, M. (2011). A tale of two standards: An examination of young adults’ endorsement of gendered and ageist sexual double standards. Sex Roles, 64(5-6), 360-371.  doi10.1007/s11199-010-9896-x

     Lai, Y. & Hynie, M. (2010). Community engagement and well-being of immigrants: The role of knowledge. Canadian Issues, summer/ete 2010, 93-97.

     Shakya, Y., Guruge, S., Hynie, M., Akbari, A., Malik, M., & Htoo, S., Khogali, S. A. M., Murtaza, R., & Alley, S. (2010). Aspirations for higher education among newcomer refugee youth in Toronto: Expectations, challenges, and strategies. Refuge, 27, 65-78.

     Su, C. & Hynie, M. (2010). Effects of life stress, social support and cultural norms on parenting styles among Mainland Chinese, European-Canadian and Chinese-Immigrant mothers. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1-19.:doi: 10.1177/0022022110381124

     Rogan, M., Hynie, M., Casale, M., Jobson, G., Flicker, S., Nixon, S. & Dawad, S. (2010). What about peer norms?  Evidence on gender, violence and HIV risk from a poor urban community in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. African Journal of AIDS Research, 9(4), 355-366.​

Other Research Outputs

Some project outcomes include:

Conference report on Seeking Solutions Symposium; Access to Health Care for the Uninsured: Linking Ethics, Research Evidence and Policy-Practice Change, February 2012, Toronto, Canada  

Fact sheets on the medically uninsured in Toronto

The Road to Psychology-Community Partnerships: Collaborating on Social Issues for Social Change (20 minute documentary about community-based research and partnerships):

Voces des Esperanza (a Spanish mental health guide for Latin American women in Toronto)

YIHR Mini-Documentaries


Canadian Association for Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

Canadian Psychological Association--International and Cross-Cultural Psychology Division

International Association for the Study of Forced Migration

Service/Community Activities

Centre for Refugee Studies
Member, Executive Committee

Network on Uninsured Clients
Member, Research Sub-Committee


Parents' University Wide Teaching Award - 2003

Canadian Evaluation Society, Evaluation Excellence Award - 2012


Currently available to supervise graduate students: Yes

Currently taking on work-study students, Graduate Assistants or Volunteers: No

Available to supervise undergraduate thesis projects: No

Current Research

Dr. Hynie’s research addresses the development and evaluation of interventions that can strengthen social integration and inclusion in communities that have experienced social conflict or forced migration, whether through conflict or environmental change. She is particularly interested in the manner in which social networks and interpersonal relationships influence well-being in different cultural contexts, and how psychological aspects of social inclusion are shaped by the public and health sectors. Her approach promotes the collaboration of universities, community members and nongovernmental and governmental agencies to build on the strengths of each sector and ensure sustainability.. 

Research Projects

Synthesizing indigenous and international social work theory and practice in Rwanda
Developing methods of merging local Rwandan helping practices with international pedagogy in social work
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $200,000
Year Funded: 2013
Duration: 3
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Supporting Somali and Syrian Refugee Adolescents
The development and evaluation of a peer support model for refugee youth in Alberta and Ontario
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $43264
Year Funded: 2017
Duration: 1
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Building Bridges across Social and Computational Sciences: Using Big Data to Inform Humanitarian Policy and Interventions
An international project exploring the use of computational modeling to predict the movement of refugees in Iraq. The goal is to develop a tool that can be used by humanitarian agencies to provide effective and timely emergency response in conflict situations
Role: Collaborator
Amount funded: $200,000
Year Funded: 2015
Duration: 2
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Accessibility and costs of healthcare for refugee claimants following changes to the Interim Federal Health Programs
Documenting the impact of changes to Interim Federal Health Insurance on health outcomes and health care access for refugee claimants in Ontario and Quebec
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $766,175
Year Funded: 2013
Duration: 3.5
Funded by: Canadian Institutes of Health Research

A community-based mental health intervention for maternal mental health in Rwanda
Developing and testing a social support intervention for all new mothers in communities in Rwanda and increasing awareness of maternal mental health in the medical and public sector
Role: Principal Investigator
Amount funded: $269,653
Year Funded: 2013
Duration: 3
Funded by: Other...
Other funding: Grand Challenges Canada

Migration and resilience in urban Canada: discovering strengths and building capacity.
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $2,496, 912
Year Funded: 2016
Duration: 5
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Refugee integration and long term health outcomes in Canada
Resettled refugees have poorer health than host populations. Studies show that social integration affects wellness but we do not have much research examining how the experiences of settlement and integration contribute to the long-term health of refugees. This pan-Canadian study will compare how GAR and PSR resettlement programs support long-term social integration pathways for refugees and the impact of these pathways on physical and mental health.
Role: Principal Investigator
Amount funded: $1353165
Year Funded: 2016
Duration: 5
Funded by: Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Emerging voices: how Syrian newcomers and other key stakeholders perceive Canada's three sponsorship programs for refugee (re)settlement.
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $50,000
Year Funded: 2016
Duration: 1
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Ethical guidelines for research with Syrian refugees
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $19361
Year Funded: 2016
Duration: 1
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Exploring the mental health and service needs of Syrian refugees within their first two years in Canada
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $25000
Year Funded: 2016
Duration: 1
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Fabrication Lab-in-a-Kit (FLiK): DIY Assistive Technology for Children with Disabilities in Kenya
Role: CoInvestigator
Amount funded: $74,540
Year Funded: 2016
Duration: 2
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Living with Climate Change: Mapping Experience and Adaptation in the Global South and North
Developing shared tools and shared knowledge of how communities adapt to environmental change in South Asia and Canada
Role: Principal Investigator
Amount funded: $200,000
Year Funded: 2013
Duration: 2
Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council